Experimental Investigation of Laser Shock Peening Effects on Mechanical and Fatigue Properties of AA7075- T651 Utilizing Two Confinement Liquid Layers

Authors

  • Raad M. Abed Ministry of higher education and scientific research, Baghdad, Iraq

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.32852/w0dcvb85

Keywords:

AA 7075-T651, Acid, fatigue, Laser shock peening, Pure water, SEM.

Abstract

A well-recognized technique for producing compressive residual stresses beneath the surface of 
metal is laser shock peening (LSP), which increases the material's durability to wear and corrosion 
and improves fatigue life. Comparing LSP to traditional mechanical shot peening, it provides a 
more dependable surface treatment and may minimize microstructural damage. This surface 
treatment method involves directing a powerful laser pulsation at the superficial in extremely tiny 
pauses. Due to the capabilities available in this alloy AA7075-T651.  As an important formability, 
automation and corrosion resistance, it will certainly have very large uses, including aircraft 
structures, and to improve the properties of this alloy, this technical method was used. The treated 
surface of Al-alloy 7075-T651 was made harder and more desirable during this investigation by 
employing a novel approach that involved the use of pure water and hydrofluoric acid (HF) as 
confinement layers. It was found that applying Hydrofluoric Acid (HF) significantly extended the 
pieces' fatigue life after laser peening as compared to unpeened specimens and pure water. 
Additionally, the Vickers hardness test results revealed that LSP with the utilized two confinement 
liquid, as well as unpeened samples, exhibited hardness values of 153HV30, 121HV30, and 
94HV30, respectively, demonstrating a substantial improvement in hardness properties. 
The test results show that, when compared to unpeened samples, every site of interest deal with 
the in-elevation cycle fatigue zone by LSP with two confinement liquid achieved a considerable 
improvement in life and strength, arriving at 88%and 72%, respectively. The SEM images showed 
that the untreated specimens had surface crack initiation location. The peened specimens showed 
two regions, the hardened and non-hardened region. The depth of the hardened area of the peened 
specimens was measured. The results of the experiment support the assumption that peening 
increases the fatigue life of alloys. The hardened surface and compressive residual stress field 
created by peening make it harder for cracks to initiate and propagate.  

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Published

2024-06-30

How to Cite

Experimental Investigation of Laser Shock Peening Effects on Mechanical and Fatigue Properties of AA7075- T651 Utilizing Two Confinement Liquid Layers. (2024). THE IRAQI JOURNAL FOR MECHANICAL AND MATERIALS ENGINEERING, 23(1), 11-25. https://doi.org/10.32852/w0dcvb85