SYNTHETIC FIBERS EFFECT ON PMMA COMPOSITES USED IN DENTURE FABRICATION: FLEXURAL AND IMPACT STRENGTH EVALUATION
Keywords:PMMA Composite, Polypropylene (PP), Poly Acrylonitrile (PAN), Flexural Strength, Flexural Modulus, Impact Strength, Fracture Toughness.
PMMA (poly-methyl methacrylate) acrylic resin is commonly utilized in the manufacture of
denture bases. However, its mechanical characteristics may be inadequate for this purpose.
The purpose of this research is to look at the mechanical characteristics (flexural strength,
flexural modulus, impact strength, fracture toughness) of PMMA composite by adding two
kinds of synthetic fibers Polypropylene (PP) and Polyacrylonitrile (PAN). Numbers of
PMMA composite samples were generated at specified weight ratios of (1.5, 3.5, 5.5, and 7.5
wt.%) in this study. Research results showed that during fibers ratio increased until max. point
(7.5wt. %), a decrease in flexural strength value was observed. Notably, PMMA/PAN
composite sample has more influence than PMMA/ PP composite. Also, a decrease in the
flexural modulus during fibers ratio increases until maximum (7.5wt. %), flexural modulus
for PMMA/PAN composite were higher than the values PMMA/PP composite specimens.
When it came to I.S, it was discovered that when the fiber ratios were raised, the impact
strength rose at a ratio (7.5wt. %). Finally, the results of fracture toughness showed an
improvement for the composite specimen (PMMA/7.5 wt. % PAN fiber). In contrast to (the
PMMA/7.5wt.% PP fiber) composite specimen, there was a decrease compared to the neat