EXPERIMENTAL INVESTIGATION ON THE EFFECT OF ADDING CYCLOHEXANONE TO GASOLINE IN SI ENGINE EMISSIONS AND PERFORMANCE
Keywords:ketone, cyclohexanone, emissions, performance, gasoline
The aim of the present work is to investigate the influence of adding some ketone compounds on the performance, emissions, heat balance and exhaust gas temperature of spark ignition engine. The ketone used in this study is cyclohexanone (C6H10O). This ketone has been added to the base fuel (gasoline) with three concentration ranges (3, 6 and 9%) respectively. All experimental tests were carried out on gasoline engine type (Nissan QG18DE), four cylinders, 4-stroke, direct injection, with compression ratio (9.5:1). The acquired results showed that adding of ketones affect the physical properties of gasoline. Where the density changed from (710 kg/m3) for net gasoline to (740.8 kg/m3) for cyclohexanone at adding ratio of (9%). The octane number also increased from (86) for pure gasoline to (97.7) for fuel with 9% cyclohexanone. The calorific value will be decrease from (43000 kJ/kg) for gasoline to (42077.5) for cyclohexanone at adding ratio of (9%). The addition of ketones improves the emissions characteristic of engine. The best reduction of (UHC, CO_2, CO and NOx) was (49.04, 22.43, 35.02 and 42.14%) recorded by cyclohexanone addition at ratio of (9%). In the case of performance, all parameters of performance improved by adding ketones. The brake specific fuel consumption reduced by (8.9%) by adding (9%) of cyclohexanone which recorded as the best reduction through all types. The best increment of brake power, brake thermal efficiency, brake mean effective pressure and volumetric efficiency was (17.3, 8.98, 17.25 and 12.7%) is achieved by adding (9%) of cyclohexanone. Also, the exhaust gas temperature will be increase by adding ketones. The percentage increasing of exhaust gas temperature was (28.31%) recorded by cyclohexanone addition at ratio of (9%). In the case of heat balance, the best increment of total heat internal energy was (6.59) at (9%) of cyclohexanone.