EFFECT OF ARTIFICIAL CAVITIES ON HEAT TRANSFER AND FLOW CHARACTERISTICS MICROCHANNEL
Keywords:Micro channel, Pressure drop, heat transfer, de-ionized water, laminar flow.
An experimental investigation was conducted to study single-phase fluid flow and heat transfer in a copper micro channel. To investigate the effect of artificial cavities on fluid flow and single phase heat transfer in micro channel heat sink, two model of straight micro channel recognized as two models (model -1and model -2) were designed and manufactured ,where model-1 have smooth bottom surface while Model-2 have 47 artificial cavities distributed uniformly at the bottom surface along the micro channel length. The two models having the same nominal dimension of 300?m height and 300?m depth while the real dimension value are 367 ?m for width and 296 ?m for depth .De-ionized water was used as the working fluids. Experimental test was conducted at 30?C inlet temperature with Reynolds numbers range from 700 to 2200 covering laminar flow conditions. The experiments were conducted with horizontal micro channel under both adiabatic (for friction factor calculation) and diabatic (for Nusselt number calculation) conditions. The results indicated that the experimental Darcy friction factor can be predicted well with conventional scale fanning friction factor correlations for developing flow in laminar region by shah and London (1978) correlation for two models. Also, the experimental Nusselt number Agree well with each correlation of shah and London (1978) and Mirmanto correlation in laminar region.